U.S. foreign policy & wars

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Welcome to the U.S. Foreign Policy and Wars teaching resources portal. Please browse and share resources below, and feel free to create new subsections. For help with editing see our Editing Guide.

Pre-Recorded Lectures or Podcasts


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  • The United States Foreign Policy History & Resource Guide is an open resource, non-commercial, educational website sponsored by the Peace History Society. It's purposes are to examine the nation’s wars, military interventions, and major doctrines over the course of 244 years; to expose students to major foreign policy debates and related citizen movements; and to deepen critical thinking and evaluation, especially by examining policy choices, results, rationales, and lessons drawn. Written for students (grades 12-16) and the general public, each chapter-length essay draws on the work of experts in the area of study, is embellished with numerous images and photos, and is abundantly footnoted for independent examination of primary and secondary sources. Professors, instructors, and teachers are encouraged to assign all or part (sections) of the essays to their students.

There are presently ten completed essays (of 16 planned):

Most of these essays begin with a short "Did You Know?" section that offers a few teasers for readers. For example: Did you know that opponents of the U.S.-Mexican War included former president John Quincy Adams, future presidents Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant, former vice-president John C. Calhoun, and three-time presidential candidate Henry Clay?

A course on U.S.-Latin American relations might utilize the following essays or sections thereof:

  • U.S.-Mexican War
  • The War of 1898 (Cuba)
  • "Yankee imperialism" in the early 20th century
  • Cold War interventionism, 1945-1990, esp. Section VI, The Return of "Yankee Imperialism"
  • Central America wars, 1980s
  • The post-Cold War era, esp. Section II, U.S. invasion of Panama, 1989

I welcome feedback from those who utilize these website essays or sections thereof in their courses, including questions, comments, suggestions, and criticism. Contact me (Roger Peace) through the website contact page. Six more essays are planned.

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Other Resources

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  • Roger Peace (contact through United States Foreign Policy History & Resource Guide) I am the initiator and coordinator of the website and the author or co-author of a number of the essays (with five other authors and co-authors). I am a diplomatic historian (PhD in American Foreign Relations) by training and a former community college instructor who specialized in teaching "U.S. in the World" courses. My interest in developing the website grew out of a need to find usable website sources for my students that incorporated critical assessments of U.S. foreign policies evident at higher levels of academia but lacking at lower and mid-range levels. The website essays reflect a bias toward peace values as defined by international "just war" and humanitarian principles. In practical terms, this means asking at the outset whether a war was necessary and just, and contemplating alternative possibilities - a good critical thinking exercise. For reference, see my article in The History Teacher (Feb. 2017), "Choosing Values: Toward an Ethical Framework in the Study of History".
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